|James Mulligan to Priest and Professors of St. Mary School, 1854
Public expressions of nativism and anti-Catholicism were at a peak in the mid-1850s, and found expression in the Yankee-run Chicago Tribune. James Mulligan, a young Irish Catholic lawyer, advised an aggrieved group of Roman Catholics that it would be unwise to bring legal suit against the paper. Less than a year later Mulligan accepted an invitation to become the editor of the Western Tablet, a Chicago Catholic paper, and during the Civil War he became one of the city's most celebrated war heroes.
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