Encyclopedia o f Chicago
Interpretive Digital Essay : Globalization: Chicago and the World
Globalization: Chicago and the World
Essay: Introduction
Essay: Chicago in the Middle Ground
Map: Chicago's World¬óWithin a Day's Travel
Essay: Global Chicago
Colonial Trans-Atlantic Networks
A Cosmopolitan Frontier
Global Capitalism and Chicago Real Estate
Built Environment in a Mercantile Metropolis
Networks of Rails
World's Columbian Exposition of 1893
Turn-of-the-Century Industrialization and International Markets
The Chicago Region and Its Global Models
An Upstart Behemoth
Mailing To the World
The World in Chicago
Chicago's Twentieth-Century Cultural Exports
"The Whole World Is Watching"
Corporate Headquarters and Industrial Relics
Map: Changing Origins of Metropolitan Chicago's Foreign-Born Population
Photo of Victoire Mirandeau Porthier
Return to "Chicago in the Middle Ground"

A young Victoire Mirandeau Porthier lived near Fort Dearborn in 1812, but left for Milwaukee before the massacre. She described herself in 1883: "My mother was an Ottawa woman; my father was a French-man. He was a good scholar, a very handsome man, and had many books. He taught us children to speak French, and We all learned to speak Indian. . . ."